Access a range of climate-related reports issued by government agencies and scientific organizations. Browse the reports listed below, or filter by scope, content, or focus in the boxes above. To expand your results, click the Clear Filters link.
Scientific information about Earth's climate, water, air, land, and other dynamic processes is essential for our understanding of humankind's relationship to our natural resources and our environment. This Synthesis and Assessment Product, developed as part of the U.S. Climate Change Science Program, examines contributions of Earth science information in decision support activities and their relationship to climate change science.
A report on climate impacts on coastal and marine ecosystems as it relates to the National Marine Fisheries Service's work.
In February of 2007, Governor Sanford of South Carolina established the Governor’s Climate, Energy, and Commerce Committee to develop a Climate, Energy, and Commerce Action Plan containing specific recommended actions for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. This document is the committee's action plan, which documents its recommendations and associated analyses to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and enhance energy and economic policy in South Carolina by 2020 and beyond.
Scientists use mathematical models of Earth's climate, run on the most powerful computers available, to examine hypotheses about past and present-day climates. This Synthesis and Assessment Product, developed as part of the U.S. Climate Change Science Program, describes the models and their ability to simulate climate.
This report offers recommendations to protect Maryland’s future economic well-being, environmental heritage, and public safety from the impacts of sea level rise.
The Global Warming Task Force was created by Wisconsin Governor Jim Doyle in April 2007. The Task Force created this report, which contains its policy recommendations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in Wisconsin, as well as its short- and long-term goals for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the state.
This Synthesis and Assessment Product, developed as part of the U.S. Climate Change Science Program, offers a review of adaptation options for climate-sensitive ecosystems and resources in the United States. This report focuses on the following selected land management systems: National Forests, National Parks, National Wildlife Refuges, Wild and Scenic Rivers, National Estuaries, and Marine Protected Areas.
Vermont's Governor James Douglas established the Governor’s Commission on Climate Change by executive order on December 5, 2005. The state's goal, as outlined in this document, is to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 25 percent from 1990 levels by 2012, 50 percent by 2028, and 75 percent by 2050.
Ted Kulongoski, Governor of Oregon from 2003–2011, selected the Climate Change Integration Group (CCIG) to develop a framework for making informed decisions to minimize the more extreme impacts of climate change. Kulongoski wanted the CCIG to create a strategy for Oregon to apply the measures from the 2004 Oregon Strategy for Greenhouse Gas Reductions. In this report, the CCIG proposes that Oregon takes steps toward developing a framework that will assist individuals, businesses, and governments to incorporate climate change into their planning processes.
There is robust consensus that human-induced climate change is occurring. This Synthesis and Assessment Product from the U.S. Climate Change Research Program is an assessment of the effects of climate change on U.S. land resources, water resources, agriculture, and biodiversity.
In 2007, Nevada's Governor Jim Gibbons signed an executive order that created the Nevada Climate Change Advisory Committee. The order directed the committee to propose recommendations to further reduce greenhouse gas emissions in Nevada, and tasked it with writing this three-part report highlighting the potential impacts, accomplishments, and recommendations to address the issue of climate change in Nevada.
In 2006, Minnesota Governor Tim Pawlenty announced the “Next Generation Energy Initiative,” which included the “development of a comprehensive plan to reduce Minnesota’s emissions of greenhouse gases.” During this announcement, the governor requested that the Center for Climate Strategies help in the development of Minnesota's Climate Mitigation Action Plan and the formation of the Minnesota Climate Change Advisory Group. The Climate Change Advisory Group, which was tasked with developing a comprehensive set of state-level policy recommendations to the governor, produced this report.
As global temperatures increase, sea levels rise, and weather patterns change, the stewards of our nation's infrastructure are challenged to consider how these changes may affect the country's roads, airports, rail, transit systems, and ports. This study focuses on potential impacts of climate change on human infrastructure in the U.S. Gulf Coast region.
This report, a Synthesis and Assessment Product from the U.S. Climate Change Science Program, summarizes the effects of climate change on energy production and use in the United States. It also identifies where research could reduce uncertainties about vulnerabilities, possible effects, and strategies to reduce negative effects and increase adaptive capacity.
This plan—the first in Alaska—was developed by Homer's Global Warming Task Force and includes an inventory of greenhouse gas emissions from city facilities and community-wide, sets targets for reduction, and presents strategies for reducing emissions.
The Montana Climate Change Advisory Committee, established by the state's Department of Environmental Quality, evaluated greenhouse gas reduction opportunities in various places in Montana’s economy. The committee agreed upon the 54 policy recommendations described in this Climate Change Action Plan, designed to help reduce Montana’s emissions of heat-trapping greenhouse gases to 1990 levels by the year 2020.
This Synthesis and Assessment Product from the U.S. Climate Change Science Program provides a synthesis of the then-current knowledge of North America's carbon budget and its context within the global carbon cycle. The report provides scientific information for decision support focused on key issues for carbon management and policy.
This report summarizes scientific understandings of climate change and its potential impact on Utah and the western United States, created by a "blue ribbon" advisory council appointed by Utah Governor Huntsman. The report makes around 70 recommendations for fighting global warming, including developing significant amounts of renewable energy with incentives and tax credits, encouraging the capture and disposal of carbon dioxide, improving efficiency at power plants, implementing an aggressive mass transit strategy, and preserving open space and agricultural land and protecting forests. The report, however, does not include specific policy recommendations or rules to implement action.
In 2006, Illinois Governor Blagojevich launched the state's Global Warming Initiative by executive order that created the Illinois Climate Change Advisory Group. The group's purpose was to recommend state-level strategies to meet Illinois’ greenhouse gas reduction goals, which are similar to those set by other states and those proposed in Congress: 1990 levels by 2000, and 60 percent below 1990 levels by 2050. This document is the Advisory Group's report submitted to the governor.
The findings presented in this Synthesis and Assessment Product from the U.S. Climate Change Science Program draw from scenarios designed to stabilize the influence of a suite of greenhouse gases. Three climate-modeling groups independently developed a reference scenario and then developed four contrasting stabilization scenarios for comparison.
This report summarizes findings from a review of coastal hazards associated with sea level rise, hurricanes, nor'easters, and reduced sediment supply. The study also evaluates existing policies and potential knowledge gaps, and develops potential adaptation policies.
This comprehensive scientific assessment, representing the contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, provides an in-depth analysis of the costs and benefits of different approaches to mitigating and avoiding climate change.
This comprehensive scientific assessment of past, present, and future global climate change represents the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Working Group I's contribution to the IPCC Fourth Assessment report (AR4). The assessment confirms that the scientific understanding of the climate system and its sensitivity to greenhouse gas emissions is richer and deeper than ever before. The chapters forming the bulk of this report describe scientists' assessment of the then state-of-knowledge in their respective fields.
In June 2005, Governor Bill Richardson signed an executive order establishing the New Mexico Climate Change Advisory Group, and directed the group to prepare this report. It includes a projection of the state’s future greenhouse gas emissions and recommendations for policy changes to aid in the reduction of New Mexico’s total greenhouse gas emissions to 2000 levels by 2012, 10 percent below 2000 by 2020, and 75 percent by 2050.
Enacted in 2003, Maine's Public Law 237 required the state's Department of Environmental Protection to develop and submit this Climate Action Plan. The CAP includes plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels by 2010 and to 10 percent below 1990 levels in 2020.
This report evaluates and synthesizes knowledge on climate variability, climate change, and increased ultraviolet radiation and their consequences for the Arctic region.
Arizona's Climate Change Advisory Group, formed by executive order, was charged with (1) preparing an inventory and forecast of Arizona's greenhouse gas emissions, and (2) developing this Climate Change Action Plan with recommendations for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in Arizona. The executive order indicates the concern that Arizona and other western states had about the impacts of climate change and climate variability on the environment. The report includes a comprehensive set of 49 policy options.
This Executive Order requires that King County, Washington, municipal departments employ coordinated strategies of land use to mitigate and adapt to global warming.
This report, a Synthesis and Assessment Product from the U.S. Climate Change Science Program, addresses previously identified discrepancies between observations and simulations of surface and atmospheric temperature trends. It is an important revision to the conclusions of earlier reports from the U.S. National Research Council and the IPCC.
This document identifies goals and actions to conserve and restore Oregon’s species, habitats, and ecosystems. The report addresses climate change as a key conservation issue, and many of the recommendations provided consider adaptation measures to address species and habitat conservation needs. The 10-year revision of the Strategy and its Nearshore Component is currently under review by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and will be posted at the provided URL once approved.
In 1991, the Missouri Commission on Global Climate Change and Ozone Depletion concluded that climate change is being bolstered by human activity. This report includes the 1991 final report of that commission, the 1992 Final Report of the Statewide Energy Study, the 1992 final report of the Department of Natural Resources’ Institute Project, and two previous reports from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Phase 1 and Phase 2 Greenhouse Gas projects, which were issued in 1996 and 1990, respectively.
This booklet describes how natural processes affect the coast, including changes in lake levels, storms and storm surges, waves and wave climate, transport of sediment, ice on the shore, shoreline erosion, lakebed erosion, and movement of water on the land. It also describes how to protect coastal investments by adapting to natural processes, restoring a natural shoreline, moderating coastal erosion, armoring the shore, stabilizing bluffs and banks, controlling surface water and groundwater, building environmentally friendly shore protection structures, and working with engineers and contractors. The final section covers risk management and the economics of protecting a coastal investment, including shoreline property features and value, government regulations to protect a coastal investment, costs of shore protection, and accounting for climate change. There is also a list of resources for more information and a glossary of coastal engineering terms.
The Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management and the State Energy Office grouped together over 30 individuals to develop a Greenhouse Gas Action Plan for Rhode Island. This group was created because of growing concerns of the impact carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases will have on the planet. They created this climate action plan with their recommendations for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
This document, known as the COEMAP, provides a framework for community discussion and assessment of coastal erosion and beach loss in Hawai'i. The objective of COEMAP, and the public dialogue it seeks to foster, is to outline socioeconomic and technical mechanisms for conserving and restoring Hawai'i’s beaches in a framework of mitigating erosion impacts and reducing exposure to coastal hazards for future generations.