Screen capture from the Electric System Operating Data website

U.S. Electric System Operating Data

Users can use this tool to visualize and analyze hourly U.S. and regional electricity demand, the flow of electricity between electric systems, the seasonality of daily demand patterns, and much more.

This tool—currently published on the U.S. Energy Information Administration's Beta public testing platform—provides hourly electricity operating data for the U.S. electricity grid, including actual and forecast demand, net generation, and the power flowing between electric systems. The tool provides nearly real-time demand data plus analysis and visualizations of hourly, daily, and weekly electricity supply and demand on a national and regional level for all of the 66 electric system balancing authorities that make up the U.S. electric grid.

The information is collected directly from each interconnected electric system on the EIA-930 survey, the first hourly data collection conducted by a federal statistical agency. Although electric system balancing authorities covering most of the United States have released public, nearly real-time information on grid operations since the late 1990s, this data tool expands the availability of data to the entire contiguous 48 states, and makes it available in a consistent format from a single source.

The data are refreshed throughout the day. Among other applications, the data can be used to provide timely information on electric system recovery after power interruptions and to help evaluate the effects of renewable energy, smart grid, and demand response programs on power system operations. The data can also facilitate more informed analysis and policy decisions on a national and regional level.

Last modified
10 May 2024 - 12:16pm